Paulownia - Fastest Growing Plant

Paulownia is a real tree of the future!

Literally, all the parts of the tree (trunk, leaves, and flowers) are potential source of income. Paulownia grows at an incredible speed (3-5 meters per year or 100 tons of biomass per hectare in 3 years!). Trunk can be chopped off several times (up to 8 times), but the tree would be growing again. Paulownia cultivation can be a profitable business! That is the reason, why its called “wonder tree” or “oil well” tree.

 Growth rate of various tree species:

 

Species

Annual amount of growth, meters

Height of 3-years old tree, meters

Max height of adult tree, meters

Paulownia

3-5

10.5-15.5

15-20

Hybrid willow

1.5-4

7.5-12

15-25

Populus nigra

2.5-3.5

9-12

20-25

Populus deltoides

2.5-3.5

9-12

20-30

Quercus texana Buckley

2-2.5

7.5-9

15-20

Eucalyptus rubida

2-2.5

6-9

10-15

Salix babylonica

1.5-2.5

4.5-9

15-20

*As it shown in the table above, Paulownia has evident advantages in comparison with other tree species that are considered valuable wood.

Paulownia is a tree with large beautiful leaves (70 centimeters in diameter), flowers (6 centimeters in diameter), and gorgeous crown. Trunk diameter is about 1 meter. Life expectation is approximately 100 years. Depending on the environment, the trees can reach various heights up to 25 meters. It’s unpretentious to soil, can be cultivated anywhere, even on dry soils containing up to 2% of lime; but deep, moderately moist, drained, sufficiently fertile, clay soils are the best for growing. It’s also a heliophyte, best grown on open well-illuminated areas.