Multiple uses of Paulownia

Paulownia wood is used for the production of furniture, building structures, finishing materials, toys, plywood, and musical instruments.

Paulownia wood is four times lighter than oak wood (850 kg per cubic meter) and half the weight of pine wood (482 kg per cubic meter). Paulownia has the largest strength/weight ratio among the woody plant species. Paulownia wood is highly resistant to deformation under the load and moisture, has a low fire risk and is resistant to furniture beetles and termites. Wood air-drying takes at least 30 days. Planks can be dried in ovens at high temperature over 24 hours until the moisture content in wood reaches 10-12%. Dried material doesn’t curl or shrink much.

Paulownia is the perfect tree to produce biomass, because its wood has a high heat emission coefficient.

The combustion of 1 ton of Paulownia wood gives the same amount of thermal energy as the combustion of 480 cubic meters of natural gas, or 500 liters of diesel fuel, or 700 liters of mazut. Paulownia wood is actively used for pellet production. Pellets are biologically clean fuel, obtained by a special processing (milling, pressing) of waste wood. Pellets are the alternative source of environmentally friendly thermal energy, which are in great demand in the world market. The price for pellets in the international market is approximately 100 euros per ton.

The leaf mass of Paulownia is used as forage for livestock (cows, sheep, goats, etc.).

Its qualities are similar to alfalfa. Green leaves contain about 20% of useful agents which are easy for digestion, and dead leaves-about 12%. Leaves can grow up to 75 centimeters in diameter, which is why they are the real “oxygen factories”. At the average the leaves from just one tree absorb 22 kilograms of carbon dioxide and release 6 kilograms of oxygen per year, purifying thousands of cubic meters in the air. Owing to its extraordinary qualities, Paulownia has become an ever-present tree in parks and gardens not only in Asia, but also in USA and Europe.

Paulownia is also grown as honey plant.

Paulownia has many flowers rich in nectar. The honey made of it is light, transparent, very clear and fragrant. It’s color and consistence can be compared only to honey made of acacia. But it’s not only delicious, Paulownia honey be used as a medicine. It’s especially useful for upper air passages, lungs and digestive system diseases.

The flowers are used as a decoction or as syrup.

The flowers of Paulownia can be used to heal bronchitis; stomach, cholecyst and spleen diseases. Recently, the flowers found their application in cosmetics industry for perfume and aromatizer production.